# Grade 4 Math | Geometry ( Triangles and Angles )

Geometry (from the Ancient Greek: γεωμετρία; geo- “earth”, -metron “measurement”) is, with arithmetic, one of the oldest branches of mathematics. It is concerned with properties of space that are related with distance, shape, size, and relative position of figures. A mathematician who works in the field of geometry is called a geometer.Until the 19th century, geometry was almost exclusively devoted to Euclidean geometry, which includes the notions of point, line, plane, distance, angle, surface, and curve, as fundamental concepts. wikipedia

triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices. It is one of the basic shapes in geometry. A triangle with vertices AB, and C is denoted {\displaystyle \triangle ABC}. wikipedia

In Euclidean geometry, an angle is the figure formed by two rays, called the sides of the angle, sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle. Angles formed by two rays lie in the plane that contains the rays. Angles are also formed by the intersection of two planes. These are called dihedral angles. Two intersecting curves define also an angle, which is the angle of the tangents at the intersection point. For example, the spherical angle formed by two great circles on a sphere equals the dihedral angle between the planes containing the great circles. wikipedia