Grade 6 Math Activity | Addition And Subtraction Integers

An integer (from the Latininteger meaning “whole”)[a] is colloquially defined as a number that can be written without a fractional component. For example, 21, 4, 0, and −2048 are integers, while 9.75, 5+1/2, and √2 are not.

Adding two positive integers always yields a positive sum; adding two negative integers always yields a negative sum. To find the sum of a positive and a negative integer, take the absolute value of each integer and then subtract these values. The result takes the sign of the integer with the larger absolute value. The sum of any integer and its opposite is equal to zero.

To subtract an integer, add its opposite. When subtracting integers, it is important to show all work, as we did in this lesson. If you skip steps, or do the work in your head, you are very likely to make a mistake–even if you are a top math student!

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