**Multiplication** (often denoted by the cross symbol **×**, by the mid-line dot operator **⋅**, by juxtaposition, or, on computers, by an asterisk *****) is one of the four elementary mathematical operations of arithmetic, with the other ones being addition, subtraction and division. The result of a multiplication operation is called a product.

The multiplication of whole numbers may be thought of as a repeated addition; that is, the multiplication of two numbers is equivalent to adding as many copies of one of them, the *multiplicand*, as the quantity of the other one, the *multiplier*. Both numbers can be referred to as *factors*. wikipedia

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